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                            土建英語詞匯

                            青島希尼爾翻譯咨詢有限公司整理發布  2015-9-12 

                                   

                             土建英語詞匯 Civil English Glossary 土建英語詞匯
                            Civil English Glossary

                            一、設計專業
                            工藝(專業):process design/engineering
                            系統(專業):systems engineering
                            設備(專業):equipment engineering
                            布置(專業):plant layout engineering
                            管道設計(專業):piping design
                            管道機械(專業) :piping mechanical
                            engineering
                            儀表(專業):instruments engineering
                            電氣(專業):electrical engineering
                            建筑(專業):architectural
                            土建(專業):civil engineering
                            設計階段:engineering phase
                            基礎工程設計階段:
                            basic engineering phase
                            詳細工程設計階段:
                            detailed engineering phase

                            二、圖紙
                            揚子石化—巴斯夫有限責任公司
                            BASF-YPC Company Limited

                            一體化石化項目—中國,南京
                            IPS PROJECT—NANJING,CHINA

                            中國石化洛陽石油化工工程公司:
                            SINOPEC LUOYANG
                            PETROCHEMICAL ENGINEERING
                            CORP.
                            中海殼牌南海石化項目:
                            CSPC NANHAI PETROCHEMICALS
                            PROJECT
                            麗東芳烴項目:
                            LIDONG AROMATICS COMPLEX
                            PROJECT
                            冷卻塔(南區):
                            COOLING TOWERS (SOUTH)

                            施工圖紙:Working drawing,
                            Construction drawing
                            工藝裝置:Process unit
                            工藝流程圖:Process flow diagram [PED]
                            裝置布置圖:Plot plan
                            會簽:Inter discipline check
                            圖號:DWG NO.
                            資質等級 grade of qualification
                            設計: designed by
                            校對: checked by
                            審核: supervisor
                            附注: notes
                            圖例: legend
                            剖面: section
                            平面圖: layout plan
                            立面圖: elevation
                            結構布置圖: structure plan

                            1配筋圖: reinforcing plan
                            模板圖: form plan

                            二、結構
                            基礎: foundation
                            基礎梁: foundation beam
                            樁基礎: pile foundation
                            樁承臺: pile capping

                            打樁機: pile driver
                            振動打樁機: vibratory driver
                            打樁: pile driving

                            Z2101泵吸水池詳圖: pump basin detail
                            for Z2101
                            冷卻塔水池: Cooling tower basin
                            池壁: wall
                            伸縮縫: expansion and contraction joint
                            底板: bottom slab
                            水池頂板:basin top slab

                            風機基礎詳圖: fan foundation detail
                            現澆墻板: cast-in-place wall panel
                            預制墻板: pre-cast wall panel
                            鋼筋混凝土框架:
                            reinforced concrete frame
                            鋼筋混凝土柱:
                            reinforced concrete column
                            牛腿: bracket

                            鋼筋混凝土現澆板: cast-in-place
                            reinforced concrete slab
                            地下管道: underground trench
                            斜梁: stringer
                            平臺梁: beams of platform
                            懸臂梁: cantilever beam
                            女兒墻: parapet

                            人孔蓋板: manhole cover
                            集水坑; catchment pit
                            溢流槽: flood relief channel
                            爬梯: ladder
                            pretensioned spun concrete piles
                            先張法預應力混凝土管樁

                            三、材料
                            預埋件 embedded plate
                            鋼板 steel plate
                            鋼圓環: steel ring plate
                            雨水篦子板: rain water grating
                            鋼筋 reinforcing bar
                            熱軋光圓鋼筋: hot rolled plain steel
                            bars
                            熱軋帶肋鋼筋: hot rolled ribbed steel
                            bars
                            I 級: grade I
                            插筋: anchor rebar
                            鋼筋錨固長度:bond length of rebars
                            鋼筋搭接: bar splicing

                            2箍筋: stirrup
                            縱向鋼筋: longitudinal bar
                            彎起鋼筋,元寶筋: bend bar
                            鋼筋間距: rod spacing
                            搭接長度: overlapping length

                            不銹鋼欄桿: stainless steel handrail
                            支架: support
                            電纜槽盒支架: cable trench support
                            儀表槽盒支架: instrument trench
                            support
                            螺母: nut
                            錨栓: anchor bolt
                            M30 六角螺帽: M30 six angle screw cap
                            外露100,絲扣 80: outcrop 100, thread 80
                            地腳螺栓,基礎螺栓: foundation bolt

                            墊片: washer
                            間隔布置: interval set

                            早強劑: early-strength admixture
                            防凍附加劑: antifreeze admixture
                            混凝土:C40 concrete: class:40
                            細石混凝土: fine aggregate concrete
                            配合比: mixture ratio
                            抗滲等級:P8 seepage class::P8
                            抗壓強度: compression strength
                            混凝土保護層厚度:minimum concrete
                            cover
                            砂: sand
                            卵石: pebble
                            碎石: crushed stone
                            礫石: gravel
                            骨料: aggregate

                            水泥: cement
                            普通硅酸鹽水泥:
                            ordinary portland cement
                            粘土磚: clay brick
                            墊層: cushion

                            裝飾工程(抹灰、涂料、刷漿)
                            1:2 水泥砂漿 20厚:
                            1:2 cenment mortar thickness 20mm
                            找平層: leveling blacket
                            抹灰:plastering
                            抹平,找平:screeding
                            抹光,壓光:trowel finish
                            抹子:trowel

                            抹灰底層: rendering coat
                            抹灰罩面層:setting coat
                            灌縫: grout
                            填料: filling
                            收水器: drift eliminator

                            工藝管道:process pipe
                            套管: pipe sleeve
                            3壁厚: wall thickness
                            翼環: plate ring
                            石棉水泥: asbestos cement
                            油麻: oil-- hemp
                            橡膠止水帶:rubber water stop
                            密封膠: joint sealant
                            填縫板: joint filler
                            瀝青涂層: asphalt coating
                            鍍鋅鐵皮:galvanized iron sheet

                            四、測量
                            軸線: axes
                            坐標:coordinate
                            標高: elevation; datum mark
                            中心標高: center elevation
                            相對標高: relative elevation
                            絕對標高: absolute elevation
                            平面控制: plane control
                            高程控制: elevation control
                            經緯儀: transit
                            水準儀: surveyor’s level
                            水準點: bench mark
                            基準點,標高: datum mark
                            坐標控制點:the coordinate control points
                            測桿: surveying rod
                            鋼卷尺: steel tape

                            五、項目管理
                            項目經理:Project Manager
                            設計經理:Engineering Manager
                            施工經理:Construction Manager
                            QA/QC經理:QA/QC Manager
                            HSE經理:HSE Manager
                            采購經理:Procurement Manager
                            控制經理:Control Manager
                            承包商: contractor
                            分包商: Subcontractor
                            分包合同:subcontract
                            項目計劃:project plan
                            (項目)設計計劃:(project) engineering
                            plan
                            (項目)采購計劃:(project) procurement
                            plan
                            (項目)施工計劃:(project) construction
                            plan
                            (項目)開車計劃:(project) start-up plan

                            項目主進度計劃:project master schedule
                            詳細進度計劃:detailed schedule
                            進度控制:schedule control; progress
                            control
                            進度提前:ahead of schedule
                            進度拖延:schedule delay
                            開車:start-up
                            試車:commissioning
                            投料試車:Start-up; test run; initial
                            operations
                            用戶驗收,裝置驗收:Client acceptance;
                            Plant acceptance
                            4
                            六、招標、投標、合同
                            投標書: Form of Bid
                            簽署人:Signed by
                            投標文件:The Bid Documents
                            商務標:confidential commercial bid
                            技術標:Technical Bid
                            報價表:Cost Breakdown Sheet
                            投標確認書:Form of acknowledgement
                            投標邀請函(招標文件): ITB Documents
                            投標邀請函: invitation to bid
                            第一部分(節) : sectionⅠ.
                            給投標人的指令: instruction to bidder
                            section Ⅱ.
                            合同協議書(草案):
                            contract agreement(draft)
                            section Ⅲ.
                            合同條件: conditions of contract
                            section Ⅳ.
                            合同附件: Appendix for the contract
                            投標保函:bid bond
                            履約保函:performance bind
                            履約擔保書:performance bank guarantee
                            授權委托書:power of attorney
                            委托代理人(被授權人) :Signature of
                            Attorney
                            法定代表人(授權人):Signature of legal
                            representative
                            合同生效日期:Effective date of the
                            contract
                            合同終止:termination of contract
                            合同失效:frustration of contract
                            總價合同:lump-sum contract【L-S】
                            (固定)單價合同:(fixed) unit price
                            contract
                            償付合同,成本加酬金合同:(cost)
                            reimbursable contract; cost-plus(fee)
                            contract 【C-P】
                            預付款:advance payment; down payment
                            保留金:retentin money
                            最終付款:final payment
                            未可預見費:contingency
                            七、施工
                            開工會議:kick-off meeting
                            施工組織設計:construction execution
                            plan
                            施工技術方案:technical proposal
                            工期: construction period
                            施工階段:construction stage (phase)
                            施工進度:construction progress
                            工程進度款:progress payment
                            工程量:quantities
                            工程造價:construction cost
                            工程預算:construction budget

                            工日:man-day
                            工時:man-hour
                            工地, 施工現場:
                            Building site, construction site
                            5安裝工程:installation work
                            安裝費: installation expenses
                            施工單位: construction unit
                            安全帽: protective cap, safety helmet
                            安全帶: protecting band, safety belt

                            七、施工機械設備
                            挖掘: excavate
                            挖土機: excavator
                            履帶式推土機:crawler dozer
                            履帶式起重機:crawler crane
                            反鏟挖土機: back digger
                            挖溝機: trench digger
                            鏟運機: scraper
                            壓路機: road roller
                            翻斗車: tipping skip
                            自卸卡車: dumping truck
                            灑水車: sprinkler
                            土方工程: earth work
                            回填: back fill
                            蛙式打夯機: frog rammer
                            基坑:foundation pit
                            鋼筋切斷機: bar cutter
                            鋼筋彎曲機: angle--bender
                            調直機: straightener

                            八、地基處理
                            地基處理:ground treatment
                            復合地基:
                            地基承載力特征值:
                            換填墊層法:
                            強夯:dynamic compaction
                            振沖碎石樁:VCS. Piles (vibroflotation
                            crushed stone piles)

                            九、砼工程
                            腳手架: scaffold
                            單排豎管腳手架:putlog scaffold
                            雙排豎管腳手架:independent scaffold
                            管子腳手架:pipe scaffold
                            滿堂腳手架:full framing
                            立桿: the standing pole
                            掃地桿: ground bars
                            橫桿: ledger
                            防護欄: protective barrier,
                            guard rail
                            腳手板: scaffold board
                            扣件: coupler
                            十字扣件:double coupler
                            旋轉扣件:swivel coupler
                            套筒扣件:sleeve coupler
                            隔離劑: isolating agent
                            鋼筋加工: rebar fabrication
                            鋼筋連接: rebar connection
                            鐵絲: iron wire
                            綁扎 lashing
                            搭接: lap
                            搭接接頭: lap joint
                            6焊接: welding
                            焊接接頭: welded joint
                            搭接焊: lap welding
                            砂漿墊塊 mortar block

                            制模,模板工程 formwork
                            模板: form
                            組合鋼模板: combined steel formwork
                            模板配板: formwork configuration
                            模板支設: formwork erection
                            模板接縫: the formwork joint
                            安裝偏差: installation deviation
                            起拱: arch camber
                            模板拆除: formwork removal

                            澆灌混凝土: cast concrete, placing
                            concrete, depositing concrete,
                            concrete pouring
                            泵送混凝土: pumping of concrete
                            混凝土中心攪拌站: centralized concrete
                            mixing plant
                            混凝土攪拌汽車; concrete mixer truck
                            混凝土攪拌: concrete agitation
                            振搗混凝土: vibrated concrete
                            插入式振搗器: insertion type vibrator
                            平板振動器: plate vibrator
                            抹子,泥刀: trowel
                            抹灰,抹光: toweling

                            坍落度:slump
                            兩組試塊: two sets of testing blocks
                            混凝土見證取樣:witness sampling of
                            concrete
                            混凝土施工縫處理:
                            treatment of concrete construction joint
                            初凝: initial set
                            初凝時間: initial setting time
                            終凝:final set
                            終凝時間:final setting time
                            拆除模板: form removal, form stripping
                            混凝土養護 concrete curing
                            草墊: straw mattress
                            加熱器: heater
                            溫度計: thermometer
                            回填 back fill
                            回填夯實 backfill consolidation

                            九、鋼結構

                            鋼結構: steel structure

                            涂層: coating
                            油漆,涂料: paint
                            底漆: paint primer
                            中間漆:intermediate painting
                            面漆: finish coat

                            透底: disclosure
                            7流墜: hanging
                            皺皮: wrinkle
                            漏涂: miss painting
                            返銹: rust again
                            漆膜厚度: film thickness
                            結構構件: structural member
                            桁 架: truss
                            垂直支撐:vertical bracing
                            小立柱: post
                            WA325鋼格板: WA325 grating
                            斜梁: stringer
                            踏步板: treads
                            踏步鋼格板: grating for stair tread
                            鋼梯: steel stairway
                            斜梯欄桿: guard rails
                            不銹鋼欄桿: stainless steel handrail
                            平臺欄桿: GR of platform
                            脹錨螺栓: expansion bolts
                            預制場地: prefabrication area
                            原材料: raw material
                            半成品: semi-finished goods
                            切割: cutting
                            打磨坡口: grinding
                            除銹: remove rust, cleaning
                            噴砂: sand blasting
                            型鋼: section steel
                            熱軋工字鋼: hot-rolled I-beam steel
                            熱軋槽鋼: hot-rolled channel steel
                            熱軋 H型鋼: hot-rolled H steel
                            熱軋鋼板: hot-rolled plates
                            熱軋等邊角鋼:hot-rolled equal-leg angle
                            steel
                            熱軋不等邊角鋼:hot-rolled unequal-leg
                            angle steel
                            無縫鋼管: seamless steel pipes
                            不銹鋼板: stainless steel plate
                            扁 鋼: strap steel
                            垂直度: Verticality
                            分片組裝: be assembled by sections
                            現場成框: framed at site
                            焊縫: weld seam
                            焊縫高度: weld height
                            焊縫長度: weld length
                            V型和 U 型坡口:
                            V-type and U-type bevel
                            焊槍: welding gun
                            焊機: welding machine
                            焊炬: welding torch
                            氣焊: gas welding
                            電焊: electric welding
                            手工焊: hand welding
                            自動和半自動電弧焊:
                            automatic and semi-automatic welding
                            對焊: butt welding
                            角焊縫: fillet
                            焊條: weld rod, electrode
                            斷續焊接: gap welding

                            8針孔: Pinhole
                            裂紋: Crack
                            夾渣: Slag
                            燒穿: Burning out
                            咬邊: Undercut
                            漏焊: Losing welding
                            未焊透:Lack of fusion
                            弧坑: Concavity
                            磨光機: Grinding machine
                            打磨: Grind
                            半自動切割機:
                            Semi-automatic welding machine
                            火焰切割: Torch cutting
                            機械鉆孔: Drill by machine
                            焊條保溫筒:Rod oven
                            噴砂除銹:The sand blasting
                            高強度大六角頭螺栓連接副:
                            Set of big hexagonal high-strength bolt
                            抗滑移系數:Slide coefficient of faying
                            surface
                            扭矩系數: torsional moment
                            coefficient
                            扭矩扳手: torsional moment wrench
                            電子軸力計: electronics ergometer
                            萬能材料試驗機:testing machine
                            終擰扭矩:final torsional moment (N.m)
                            預拉力: prestressed

                            十、蓄水試驗
                            蓄水試驗 water filling test
                            水深: water depth
                            允許滲水量(L/m2
                            · d):
                            bleed-off allowance
                            水面面積: water level area
                            濕潤面積: wet area
                            測讀時間: reading time
                            初讀; start reading
                            末讀: end reading
                            水位測針讀數:water level meter reading
                            蒸發水箱水位測針讀數:
                            water level meter reading
                            in the evaporation water box

                            大氣溫度: atmosphere temperature
                            水溫: water temperature
                            實際滲水量(L/m2
                            · d):
                            actual water bleed-off

                            十一、 地基檢測
                            青島芳烴工程巖土工程勘察報告(2004
                            堪-02):
                            The geotechnical investigation report in
                            Qingdao aromatics complex
                            project(2004kan-02)

                            樁基低應變動力檢測報告:
                            Inspection report of low stain
                            dynamic testing of pile
                            9基樁高應變動力檢測 high strain
                            dynamic testing of piles
                            單樁靜載試驗 static test of single pile
                            單樁豎向抗壓靜載試驗 vertical
                            compression bearing capacity static
                            test for single pile
                            單樁水平靜載試驗:lateral bearing
                            capacity static test for single pile
                            單樁豎向抗拔靜載試驗: vertical
                            up-lifting bearing capacity static test
                            for single pile
                            單樁豎向抗壓極限承載力:vertical
                            ultimate compress bearing capacity
                            for a single pile
                            樁側摩阻力:skin friction resistance
                            樁端阻力:end bearing resistance

                            單樁水平極限承載力:ultimate lateral
                            bearing capacity for a single pile
                            樁頂水平位移:lateral displacement

                            單樁豎向抗拔極限承載力:ultimate
                            vertical up-lifting bearing capacity for
                            a single pile
                            工程地質概況:
                            engineering conditions of soils
                            素填土: Plain Fill
                            粉質粘土: Silty Clay
                            粉土: Silt
                            淤泥質粉質粘土:Sludgy Silty Clay
                            粉砂:Silty Sand
                            中粗砂 medium sand
                            中細砂 fine sand

                            高壓縮性: high compressibility
                            中等壓縮性: medium compressibility
                            低壓縮性: low compressibility

                            可塑~硬塑狀態: plastic-hard plastic
                            流塑狀態: flow plastic
                            局部軟塑狀態: partly soft plastic
                            飽和 saturated
                            松散 incompact

                            泥質粉砂巖: Muddy Silty stone
                            粉砂質泥巖: Silty mudstone
                            泥巖: Mudstone
                            強風化: high weathered
                            中等風化: medium weathered
                            反射波法: method of reflection wave
                            波形曲線變化特征:
                            Change characteristics of wave curve
                            輕微裂縫: slight defective pile
                            樁身完整: pile of body integrity
                            缺陷: defect
                            斷樁: breakage of pile
                            擴頸: enlargement of pile diameter
                            縮頸: pile diameter reduction
                            10夾泥: slurry mixture
                            離析: concrete segregation

                            十、質量檢查驗收
                            質量控制點:quality control point
                            地基驗槽:ground inspection
                            平面放線:plane setting out
                            鋼筋驗收: Steel rebar acceptance
                            inspection
                            模板驗收: formwork acceptance
                            inspection
                            混凝土見證取樣:witness sampling of
                            concrete
                            剪力墻:shear wall
                            基礎:foundation
                            剪力:shear
                            剪切變形:shear deformation
                            剪切模量:shear modulus
                            拉力:tension
                            壓力:pressure
                            延伸率:percentage of elongation
                            位移:displacement
                            應力:stress
                            應變:strain
                            應力集中:concentration of stresses
                            應力松弛:stress relaxation
                            應力圖:stress diagram
                            應力應變曲線:stress-strain curve
                            應力狀態:state of stress
                            鋼絲:steel wire
                            箍筋:hoop reinforcement
                            箍筋間距:stirrup spacing
                            加載:loading
                            抗壓強度:compressive strength
                            抗彎強度:bending strength
                            抗扭強度:torsional strength
                            抗拉強度:tensile strength
                            裂縫:crack
                            屈服:yield
                            屈服點:yield point
                            屈服荷載:yield load
                            屈服極限:limit of yielding
                            屈服強度:yield strength
                            屈服強度下限:lower limit of yield
                            荷載:load
                            橫截面:cross section
                            承載力:bearing capacity
                            承重結構:bearing structure
                            彈性模量:elastic modulus
                            預應力鋼筋混凝土: prestressed
                            reinforced concrete
                            預應力鋼筋:prestressed reinforcement
                            預應力損失:loss of prestress
                            預制板:precast slab
                            現澆鋼筋混凝土結構:cast-in-place
                            reinforced concrete
                            雙向配筋:two-way reinforcement
                            主梁:main beam
                            11 12
                            次梁:secondary beam
                            彎矩:moment
                            懸臂梁:cantilever beam
                            延性:ductileity
                            受彎構件:member in bending
                            受拉區:tensile region
                            受壓區:compressive region
                            塑性:plasticity
                            軸向壓力:axial pressure
                            軸向拉力:axial tension
                            吊車梁:crane beam
                            可靠性:reliability
                            粘結力:cohesive force
                            外力:external force
                            彎起鋼筋:bent-up bar
                            彎曲破壞:bending failure
                            屋架:roof truss
                            素混凝土:non-reinforced concrete
                            無梁樓蓋:flat slab
                            配筋率:reinforcement ratio
                            配箍率:stirrup ratio
                            泊松比:Poisson’s ratio
                            偏心受拉:eccentric tension
                            偏心受壓:eccentric compression
                            偏心距:eccentric distance
                            疲勞強度:fatigue strength
                            偏心荷載:eccentric load
                            跨度:span
                            跨高比:span-to-depth ratio
                            跨中荷載:mid-span load
                            框架結構:frame structure
                            集中荷載:concentrated load
                            分布荷載:distribution load
                            分布鋼筋:distribution steel
                            撓度:deflection
                            設計荷載:design load
                            設計強度:design strength
                            構造:construction
                            簡支梁:simple beam
                            截面面積:area of section
                            澆注:pouring
                            澆注混凝土:concreting
                            鋼筋搭接:bar splicing
                            剛架:rigid frame
                            脆性:brittleness
                            脆性破壞:brittle failure

                            十一、交工技術文件
                            交工技術文件 technical document for
                            construction completion

                            工程材料:construction material
                            出廠合格證:Ex-work quality certificate
                            鋼材性能檢測報告: steel material
                            performance testing report
                            鋼材試驗報告:steel testing report
                            inspection

                            十二、辦公用品
                            訂書機 stapler
                            訂書釘 staple
                            復印機 copier,
                            Copy machine, photocopier
                            復印紙 copying paper
                            打印機 printer






                            土建專業常用規范:
                            ◆《先張法預應力混凝土管樁》
                            (GB13476-1999)
                            Pretensioned spun concrete
                            piles(GB13476-1999)
                            ◆ 《預應力混凝土管樁》
                            (03SG409)Prestressed spun concrete piles
                            (03SG409)

                            ◆ 《建筑樁基技術規范》(JGJ94-94)
                            Technical code for building pile
                            foundation (JGJ94-94)
                            ◆ 《混凝土質量控制標準》
                            (GB50164-1992)
                            Standard of Concrete Quality Control
                            (GB50164-1992)
                            ◆ 《建筑地基基礎設計規范》(GB
                            50007-2002)
                            Code for design of building foundation
                            (GB50007-2002)
                            ◆《建筑地基基礎工程施工質量驗收規
                            范》(GB 50202-2002)
                            Code for acceptance of construction
                            quality of foundation engineering (GB
                            50202-2002)
                            ◆《建筑地基處理技術規范》 (JGJ79-2002
                            J220-2002)
                            Technical code for ground treatment of
                            buildings
                            ◆ 《建筑基樁檢測技術規范》 Technical
                            code for testing of building foundation
                            piles (JGJ106-2003 J256-2003)
                            ◆ 《基樁低應變動力檢測規程》(JGJ/T
                            93-95)
                            Specification for low strain dynamic
                            testing of piles (JGJ/T 93-95)
                            ◆《混凝土結構工程施工質量驗收規范》
                            (GB 50204-2002)
                            Code for acceptance of construction
                            quality of concrete structures (GB
                            50204-2002)
                            ◆《建筑防腐蝕工程施工及驗收規范》
                            (GB 50212-2002) Code for construction
                            and acceptance of building corrosion
                            prevention works (GB-50212-2002)
                            ◆ 《建筑工程施工質量驗收統一標準》
                            (GB50300-2001)
                            Unified standard for constructional quality
                            acceptance of building engineering
                            ◆ 《鋼結構工程施工質量驗收規范》 (GB
                            50205-2001)
                            Code for acceptance of construction
                            quality of steel structures
                            ◆ 《建筑鋼結構焊接技術規程》
                            (JGJ81-2002)
                            Technical specification for Welding of
                            steel structure of building
                            13 14
                             

                            众信配资靠谱吗