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                             常用十大翻譯技巧之五:正譯法和反譯法

                            青島希尼爾翻譯咨詢有限公司(www.jdzzqp.icu)整理發布  2015-9-19


                            5.正譯法和反譯法:這兩種方法通常用于漢譯英,偶爾也用于英譯漢。所謂正譯,是指把句子按照與漢語相同的語序或表達方式譯成英語。所謂反譯則是指把句子按照與漢語相反的語序或表達方式譯成英語。正譯與反譯常常具有同義的效果,但反譯往往更符合英語的思維方式和表達習慣。因此比較地道。

                            如:

                            (1) 在美國,人人都能買到槍。

                            In the United States, everyone can buy a gun. (正譯)

                            In the United States, guns are available to everyone. (反譯)

                            (2) 你可以從因特網上獲得這一信息。

                            You can obtain this information on the Internet. (正譯)

                            This information is accessible/available on the Internet. (反譯)

                            (3) 他突然想到了一個新主意。

                            Suddenly he had a new idea. (正譯)

                            He suddenly thought out a new idea. (正譯)

                            A new idea suddenly occurred to/struck him. (反譯)

                            (4) 他仍然沒有弄懂我的意思。

                            He still could not understand me. (正譯)

                            Still he failed to understand me. (反譯)

                            (5) 無論如何,她算不上一位思維敏捷的學生。

                            She can hardly be rated as a bright student. (正譯)

                            She is anything but a bright student. (反譯)

                            (6) Please withhold the document for the time being.

                            請暫時扣下這份文件。(正譯)

                            請暫時不要發這份文件。(反譯)

                              

                            翻譯學習、翻譯知識