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                             希尼爾翻譯公司土木工程專業英語詞匯表

                            青島希尼爾翻譯咨詢有限公司(www.jdzzqp.icu)整理發布  2015-9-23

                            (詞匯與使用的環境有密切關系,僅供參考)

                            architecture 建筑學

                            building 修筑,建筑物

                            house 房子

                            skyscraper 摩天大樓

                            block of flats 公寓樓

                            monument 紀念碑

                            palace 宮殿

                            temple 廟宇

                            basilica 皇宮,教堂

                            cathedral 大教堂

                            church 教堂

                            tower ,塔樓

                            ten-storey office block 十層辦公大樓

                            column

                            colonnade 柱列

                            arch

                            town planning 市政

                            building permission 營建許可證,建筑開工許可證

                            greenbelt 綠地

                            elevation 建筑物的三面圖

                            plan 設計圖

                            scale 比例尺

                            to prefabricate 預制

                            excavation 挖土,掘土

                            foundations

                            to lay the foundations 打地基

                            course of bricks 砌好的磚列

                            scaffold 腳手架

                            scaffolding 腳手架

                             

                            質量合格證書 certification of fitness

                            原材料 raw material

                            底板 bottom plate

                            墊層 cushion

                            側壁 sidewall

                            中心線center line

                            條形基礎 strip footing

                            附件 accessories

                            型鋼 profile steel

                            鋼板 steel plate

                            熔渣 slag

                            飛濺 welding spatter

                            定位焊 tacking

                            引弧 generating of arc

                            熄弧 quenching of arc

                            焊道 welding bead

                            坡口 beveled edges

                            外觀檢查 visual inspection

                            重皮 doubleskin

                            水平方向弧度 radian in horizontal direction

                            成型 molding

                            直線度 straightness accuracy

                            焊縫角變形 welding line angular distortion

                            水平度 levelness

                            鉛垂度 verticality

                            翹曲變形 buckling deformation

                            角尺 angle square

                            對接焊縫 butt weld

                            母材 parent metal

                            法蘭密封面 flange sealing surface

                            夾層interlayer

                            表面銹蝕濃度 surface corrosion concentration

                            撓曲變 bending deformation

                            超聲波探傷 ultrasonic testing/ ultrasonic examination

                            壓力容器 pressure vessel

                            預制下料prefabrication baiting

                            排版直徑 set-type diameter

                            焊縫 welding line

                            中幅板 ? center plate

                            測量方法 measuring method

                            基準點 datum mark

                            跳焊 skip welding

                            允許偏差 allowable variation

                            補強板 stiffening plate

                            開孔 tapping

                            對接接頭 banjo fixing butt jointing

                            角鋼 angle iron

                            安裝基準圓 installation fundamental circle

                            吊裝立柱 hoisting upright column

                            焊接鋼管 welded steel pipe

                            向心斜拉筋 centripetal canting pull rope

                            帶板 band plate

                            槽鋼脹圈 channel steel expansion ring

                            環口 collar extension

                            局部變形 local distortion

                            環縫 circumferential weld

                            頂板 top plate

                            拱頂 vault

                            頂板加強肋 stiffening rib

                            對接 butt joint

                            胎具 clamping fixture

                            卷板機 plate bending rolls

                            中心支架 center bearing bracket

                            橢圓度 ovality

                            等分線 bisectrix

                            搭接寬度lap width

                            點焊spot welding

                            搭接焊 overlap welding

                            對稱:symmetrically

                            螺旋爬梯cockle stairs

                            放料閥baiting valve

                            液位計 content gauge

                            充水試驗 filling water test

                            錯邊量 unfitness of butt joint

                            底圈 foundation ring

                            真空度檢漏 vacuum degree leak test

                            丁字焊縫 tee welding

                            滲透探傷 oil whiting test

                            充水試驗 filling water test

                            內側角焊縫接頭 interior angle welding line joint

                            foundation settlement 基礎沉降

                            測量基準點 datum mark

                            穩定性試驗 stability test

                            排氣閥 outlet valve

                            角鋼 angle steel

                            構件 component part

                            機械損傷 mechanical damage

                            縮孔 shrinkage cavity

                            enfoldment 折迭

                            碳鋼管 carbon steel tube

                            公稱直徑 nominal diameter

                            預埋件 embedded part

                            軸測圖 axonometric drawing

                            布置圖arrangement diagram

                            氧乙炔氣割 oxyacetylene gas cutting

                            低合金鋼管low alloy steel

                            熱影響區 heat affected area

                            修磨polish

                            砂輪片grinding wheel

                            等離子plasma panel

                            重皮 coldlap

                            凹凸unevenness

                            縮口necking down

                            端面 head face

                            傾斜 偏 差 dip deviation

                            外徑 external diameter

                            砂輪grinding wheel

                            管件 pipe casting

                            單線 圖single line drawing

                            平齊parallel and level

                            兩端 two terminals

                            滿扣 buckle

                            螺栓 緊 固 bolton

                            周邊 periphery

                            附加 應 力 additional stress

                            同軸 度 axiality

                            平行 度 parallelism

                            隨機 stochastic

                            允許 偏 差 allowable variation

                            重直 度verticality

                            水平 度 levelness

                            隔離 盲 板 blind plate

                            氬弧 焊argon arc welding

                            壓蓋 螺 栓 gland bolt

                            間距spacing

                            有效 期 period of validity

                            擔任 take charge of undertake

                            焊條 welding rod

                            碳鋼 焊 條carbon steel

                            焊絲 welding wire

                            熔化 焊 melting

                            鋼絲 steel wire

                            氣體 保 護 焊 gas shielded arc welding

                            烘干drying

                            清洗ablution

                            制度system

                            焊接 工 藝welding procedure

                            相應corresponding

                            手工 電 弧 焊manual electric arc welding

                            手工 鎢 極 manual tungsten electrode

                            打底render

                            電源power source

                            交流alternating current

                            焊件 weldment

                            管壁 厚 度 pipe thickness

                            對接 焊 縫 butt weld

                            工件 壁 厚 workpiece

                            飛濺 物 splash

                            沾污 smirch

                            油污 oil stain

                            細銼 smooth file

                            銑刀 milling cutter

                            氧化 膜 oxide film

                            脫脂 處 理 ungrease treatment]

                            棉質 纖 維 cotton fibre

                            丙酮acetone

                            sulfur

                            焊劑 welding flux

                            鋼板 steel plate

                            縱向 焊 縫 longitudinal weld longitudinal seam

                            筒節 shell ring

                            封頭 end socket

                            卷管 reelpipe

                            強度試驗strength test

                            起弧arc starting

                            穿堂 風draught

                            熔合fusion

                            反面reverse side

                            整體integral

                            封堵block up

                            焊口 weld bond

                            醫用 膠 布medical proof fabric

                            高頻 high frequency

                            焊炬welding torch

                            送氣air supply

                            電流衰減裝置current attenuation

                            氣體延時保護裝置time delay

                            熄弧quenching of arc

                            成型molding

                            鋼印代號steel seal

                            質量分析quality analysis

                            負責人principal

                            審批examine and approve

                            補焊工藝repair welding

                            壓縮機compression pump

                            平焊法蘭welded flange

                            測試流程圖 test flow chart

                            加固措施 reinforcement measure

                            校驗 verify

                            升壓boost pressure

                            讀數off scale reading

                            滿刻度值ull-scale value

                            盲板blind plate

                            壓力表pressure meter

                            強度intensity

                            目測eye survey

                            半徑radius

                            公式formula

                            管路pipeline

                            嚴密性leakproofness

                            導電膏conductive paste

                            壓接compression joint

                            地上連接overground

                            埋深buried depth

                            接地 線earth wire

                            說明description

                            分線盒junction box

                            接地裝置earthing deivce

                            交叉across

                            塑料保護管protection tube

                            塑料帶plastic tape

                            防腐處理preservative treatment

                            接地極earthing pole

                            接地電阻測試earth resistance

                            防雷接地lightning protection

                            遵守comply with

                            避雷網lightning conduction

                            引下線down lead

                            搭接焊overlap welding

                            避雷針lightning rod

                            鍍鋅制品zinc coating

                            斷接卡breaking of contact

                            電阻resistance

                            配電裝置power distribution equipment

                            集中接地裝置centralized

                            串聯cascade connection

                            干線聯接main line

                            并列paratactic

                            單獨solely

                            機組machine set

                            電力復合脂electric force compounded grease

                            電纜敷設cable laying

                            電纜槽架cable channel

                            主干線trunk line

                            彎頭angle fitting

                            剝落處exfoliation

                            銀粉aluminum powder

                            支持點support point

                            拆裝disassembly and assembly

                            暢通smooth

                            電壓等級electric pressure

                            通斷實驗onoff

                            終端頭 terminals

                            余度remaining

                            標記 牌notice plate

                            表冊statistical forms

                            電纜橋架cable testing bridge

                            電機electric machine

                            相對濕度relative humidity

                            雜物sundries

                            耐壓試驗withstand voltage test

                            照明器具ligthing paraphernalia

                            銘牌nameplate

                            驗收 規 范acceptance specification

                            接線wire splice

                            試運test run

                            進線口incoming line

                            帶電electrified

                            盤車轉子jigger rotor

                            二次回路secondary circuit

                            中心線center line

                            觸頭contactor

                            配電 power distribution

                            成套whole set

                            樓板floor slab

                            備件duplicate part

                            包裝packing

                            器材equipment

                            導線conducting wire

                            脫落fall off

                            規范specification

                            電器electrical appliance

                            斷路器line breaker

                            機械聯鎖mechanical interlocking

                            碰撞collision

                            輕便 portable

                            綜合分析判斷 comprehensive analysis and judgement

                            變壓器transformer

                            抽芯loose core/

                            過道aisle

                            三相電容three phase capacitance

                            芯棒core rod

                            都市規劃與土地開發 Urban g and Land Development

                            社區開發及工業區開發 Community Development and Industry Park Development

                            開發許可申請 Development Permit

                            土地使用變更計劃 Land Use Rezoning Plan

                            主要計劃及細部計劃 Master Plan and Detail Plan

                            都市計劃更新計劃 Urban Renewal Plan

                            都市設施 Urban Design

                            建筑設施 Architecture Design

                            大地工程 Geotechnical Engineering

                            工址調查 Site Investigation

                            現地試驗與室內試驗 In-Situ and Laboratory Test

                            基礎工程 Foundation Design

                            深開挖工程及建物保護 Deep Excavation and Building Protection

                            新生地及軟弱地層改良 Reclamation and Soft Ground Improvement

                            山坡地開發與水土保持 Slope land Development, Soil and Water Conservation

                            潛盾隧道與巖石隧道 Shield Tunnel and Rock Tunnel

                            大地工程施工顧問 Geotechnical Construction Consultant

                            土壤材料試驗 Soil and Material

                            結構工程 Structural Engineering

                            各類鋼筋混凝土、預力混凝土、鋼結構及鋼骨鋼筋混凝土結構 Structures of R.C., Prestressed Concrete, Steel, and SRC

                            橋梁、高層建筑、地下結構物、隧道、深開挖擋土結構 Bridges, High-Rise Buildings, Underground Structures, Tunnels, Retaining Structures for Deep Excavations

                            橋梁安全檢測、評估及維修補強 Bridge Inspection, Assessment, and Rehabilitation

                            鋼結構細部設計及制造圖 Steel Structural Detail Design and Shop Drawings

                            廠房工程 Industrial Plant

                            工業廠房--石化工廠、鋼廠、電廠、氣體廠、科技工業廠房、一般性廠房 Industrial Plants--Petroleum and Chemical, Steel, Power, Gas, High-Technical and General Plants

                            環保設施工廠--垃圾焚化廠、垃圾掩埋場、污水處理廠及相關管線 Environment Protecting Plants--Incineration Plants, Garbage Disposal Plants, Waste Water Treatment Plants and Piping System

                            設備支撐結構、管架、操作平臺 Equipment Supporting Structures, Pipe Racks, Operating Platforms

                            設備基礎 Equipment Foundations

                            廠區一般土木及公共設施 General Civil Works and Utilities of Plants

                            運輸工程 Transportation Engineering

                            運輸規劃 Transportation Planning

                            鐵路、捷運、高鐵路線、車站及機廠工程

                            高速公路工程及一般道路工程

                            停車場設施工程規劃、設計 Engineering Planning & Design for Parking Facilities

                            交通維持計劃 Traffic Control & Management during Construction

                            B.O.T.可行性分析及方案研究

                            機場跑道及航站工程

                            水利及港灣工程 Hydraulic and Harbor Engineering

                            營建管理 Construction Management

                            估價及工程預算制作 Estimates and Engineering Budget Works

                            營建管理 Construction Management

                            工程監造 Construction Supervision

                            施工計劃 Construction Plan

                            工程進度控管 Schedule Control during Construction

                            施工規劃 Construction Specifications

                            環境工程 Environmental Engineering

                            環境影響評估 Environment Impact Assessment

                            環境監測 Environmental Monitoring

                            地下水監測系統 Groundwater Monitoring

                            污水處理廠 Wastewater Treatment Plant

                            污水下水道 Sewage System

                            噪音振動防治 Noise and Vibration

                            垃圾焚化廠興建工程 Waste Incinerator

                            廢棄物處理系統工程 Waste Treatment & Disposal

                            共同管道 Common Ducts

                            管道及附屬設施之規劃設計 Planning and Design of Common Ducts Structures and Subsidiary Facilities

                            經濟效益分析 Economic and Efficiency Analysis

                            財務評估 Financial Evaluation

                            管理維護辦法及組織訂定 Regulation for the Management, Maintenance and Organization

                              

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