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                             電力常用詞匯中英對照

                            青島希尼爾翻譯咨詢有限公司(www.jdzzqp.icu)整理發布  2015-9-23

                            (詞匯與使用的環境有密切關系,僅供參考)

                            電力系統 power system

                            發電機 generator

                            勵磁 excitation

                            勵磁器 excitor

                            電壓 voltage

                            電流 current

                            升壓變壓器 step-up transformer

                            母線 bus

                            變壓器 transformer

                            空載損耗 no-load loss

                            鐵損 iron loss

                            銅損 copper loss

                            空載電流 no-load current

                            有功損耗 reactive loss

                            無功損耗 active loss

                            輸電系統 power transmission system

                            高壓側 high side

                            輸電線 transmission line

                            高壓 high voltage

                            低壓 low voltage

                            中壓 middle voltage

                            功角穩定 angle stability

                            穩定 stability

                            電壓穩定 voltage stability

                            暫態穩定 transient stability

                            電廠 power plant

                            能量輸送 power transfer

                            交流 AC

                            直流 DC

                            電網 power system

                            落點 drop point

                            開關站 switch station

                            調節 regulation

                            高抗 high voltage shunt reactor

                            并列的 apposable

                            裕度 margin

                            故障 fault

                            三相故障 three phase fault

                            分接頭 tap

                            切機 generator triping

                            高頂值 high limited value

                            靜態 static (state)

                            動態 dynamic (state)

                            機端電壓控制 AVR

                            電抗 reactance

                            電阻 resistance

                            功角 power angle

                            有功(功率) active power

                            電容器 Capacitor

                            電抗器 Reactor

                            斷路器 Breaker

                            電動機 motor

                            功率因數 power-factor

                            定子 stator

                            阻抗 impedance

                            功角 power-angle

                            電壓等級 voltage grade

                            有功負載: active load PLoad

                            無功負載 reactive load

                            檔位 tap position

                            電阻 resistor

                            電抗 reactance

                            電導 conductance

                            電納 susceptance

                            上限 upper limit

                            下限 lower limit

                            正序阻抗 positive sequence impedance

                            負序阻抗 negative sequence impedance

                            零序阻抗 zero sequence impedance

                            無功(功率) reactive power

                            功率因數 power factor

                            無功電流 reactive current

                            斜率 slope

                            額定 rating

                            變比 ratio

                            參考值 reference value

                            電壓互感器 PT

                            分接頭 tap

                            仿真分析 simulation analysis

                            下降率 droop rate

                            傳遞函數 transfer function

                            框圖 block diagram

                            受端 receive-side

                            同步 synchronization

                            保護斷路器 circuit breaker

                            搖擺 swing

                            阻尼 damping

                            無刷直流電機 Brusless DC motor

                            刀閘(隔離開關) Isolator

                            機端 generator terminal

                             

                            勵磁電流 Magnetizing current

                            補償度 degree of compensation

                            電磁場:Electromagnetic fields

                            失去同步 loss of synchronization

                            裝機容量 installed capacity

                            無功補償 reactive power compensation

                            故障切除時間 fault clearing time

                            極限切除時間 critical clearing time

                            強行勵磁 reinforced excitation

                            并聯電容器 shunt capacitor<

                            下降特性 droop characteristics

                            線路補償器 LDC(line drop compensation)

                             

                             

                            電機學 Electrical Machinery

                            自動控制理論 Automatic Control Theory

                            電磁場 Electromagnetic Field

                            微機原理 Principle of Microcomputer

                            電工學 Electrotechnics

                            電路原理 Principle of circuits

                            電機學 Electrical Machinery

                             

                               主變壓器                                           

                                                                                            main transformer

                               升壓變壓器                                       

                                                                                            step-up transformer

                               降壓變壓器                                       

                                                                                            step-down transformer

                               工作變壓器                                       

                                                                                            operating transformer

                               備用變壓器                                       

                                                                                            standby transformer

                               公用變壓器                                       

                                                                                            common transformer

                               三相變壓器                                       

                                                                                            three-phase transformer

                               單相變壓器                                       

                                                                                            single-phase transformer

                               帶負荷調壓變壓器                           

                                                                                            on-load regulating transformer

                               變壓器鐵芯                                       

                                                                                            transformer core

                               變壓器線圈                                       

                                                                                            transformer coil

                               變壓器繞組                                       

                                                                                            transformer winding

                               變壓器油箱                                       

                                                                                            transformer oil tank

                               變壓器外殼                                       

                                                                                            transformer casing

                               變壓器風扇                                       

                                                                                            transformer fan

                               變壓器油枕                                       

                                                                                            transformer oil conservator( drum

                               變壓器額定電壓                               

                                                                                            transformer reted voltage

                               變壓器額定電流                               

                                                                                            transformer reted current

                               變壓器調壓范圍                               

                                                                                            transformer voltage regulation rage

                               配電設備                                           

                                                                                            power distribution equipment

                               SF6斷路器                                       

                                                                                            SF6 circuit breaker

                               開關                                                   

                                                                                            switch

                               按鈕                                                   

                                                                                            button

                               隔離開關                                           

                                                                                            isolator,disconnector

                               真空開關                                           

                                                                                            vacuum switch

                               刀閘開關                                           

                                                                                            knife-switch

                               接地刀閘                                           

                                                                                            earthing knife-switch

                               電氣設備                                           

                                                                                            electrical equipment

                               變流器                                               

                                                                                            current converter

                               電流互感器                                       

                                                                                            current transformer

                               電壓互感器                                       

                                                                                            voltage transformer

                               電源                                                   

                                                                                            power source

                               交流電源                                           

                                                                                            AC power source

                               直流電源                                           

                                                                                            DC power source

                               工作電源                                           

                                                                                            operating source

                               備用電源                                           

                                                                                            Standby source

                               強電                                                   

                                                                                            strong current

                               弱電                                                   

                                                                                            weak current

                               繼電器                                               

                                                                                            relay

                               信號繼電器                                       

                                                                                            signal relay

                               電流繼電器                                       

                                                                                            current relay

                               電壓繼電器                                       

                                                                                            voltage relay

                               跳閘繼電器                                       

                                                                                            tripping relay

                               合閘繼電器                                       

                                                                                            closing relay

                               中間繼電器                                       

                                                                                            intermediate relay

                               時間繼電器                                       

                                                                                            time relay

                               零序電壓繼電器                               

                                                                                            zero-sequence voltage relay

                               差動繼電器  

                              differential relay

                               閉鎖裝置                                           

                                                                                            locking device

                               遙控                                                   

                                                                                            telecontrol

                               遙信                                                   

                                                                                            telesignalisation

                               遙測                                                   

                                                                                            telemetering

                               遙調                                                   

                                                                                            teleregulation

                               斷路器                                               

                                                                                            breaker,circuit breaker

                               少油斷路器                                       

                                                                                            mini-oil breaker,oil-mini-mum breaker

                               高頻濾波器                                       

                                                                                            high-frequency filter

                               組合濾波器                                       

                                                                                            combined filter

                               常開觸點                                           

                                                                                            normally opened contaact

                               常閉觸點                                           

                                                                                            normally closed contaact

                               并聯電容                                           

                                                                                            parallel capacitance

                               保護接地                                           

                                                                                            protective earthing

                               熔斷器                                               

                                                                                            cutout,fusible cutout

                               電纜                                                   

                                                                                            cable

                               跳閘脈沖                                           

                                                                                            tripping pulse

                               合閘脈沖                                           

                                                                                            closing pulse

                               一次電壓                                           

                                                                                            primary voltage

                               二次電壓                                           

                                                                                            secondary voltage

                               并聯電容器                                       

                                                                                            parallel capacitor

                               無功補償器                                       

                                                                                            reactive power compensation device

                               消弧線圈                                           

                                                                                            arc-suppressing coil

                               母線                                                   

                                                                                            Bus,busbar

                               三角接法                                           

                                                                                            delta connection

                               星形接法                                           

                                                                                            Wye connection

                               原理圖                                               

                                                                                            schematic diagram

                               一次系統圖                                       

                                                                                            primary system diagram

                               二次系統圖                                       

                                                                                            secondary system diagram

                               兩相短路                                           

                                                                                            two-phase short circuit

                               三相短路                                           

                                                                                            three-phase short circuit

                               單相接地短路                                   

                                                                                            single-phase ground short circuit

                               短路電流計算                                   

                                                                                            calculation of short circuit current

                               自動重合閘                                       

                                                                                            automatic reclosing

                               高頻保護                                           

                                                                                            high-freqency protection

                               距離保護                                           

                                                                                            distance protection

                               橫差保護                                           

                                                                                            transverse differential protection

                               縱差保護                                           

                                                                                            longitudinal differential protection

                               線路保護                                           

                                                                                            line protection

                               過電壓保護                                       

                                                                                            over-voltage protection

                               母差保護                                           

                                                                                            bus differential protection

                               瓦斯保護                                           

                                                                                            Buchholtz protection

                               變壓器保護                                       

                                                                                            transformer protection

                               電動機保護                                       

                                                                                            motor protection

                               遠方控制                                           

                                                                                            remote control

                               用電量                                               

                                                                                            power consumption

                               載波                                                   

                                                                                            carrier

                               故障                                                   

                                                                                            fault

                               選擇性  

                              selectivity

                               速動性  

                              speed

                               靈敏性  

                              sensitivity

                               可靠性  

                              reliability

                               電磁型繼電器  

                              electromagnetic

                               無時限電流速斷保護  

                              instantaneously over-current protection

                               跳閘線圈  

                              trip coil

                               工作線圈  

                              operating coil

                               制動線圈  

                              retraint coil

                               主保護  

                              main protection

                               后備保護  

                              back-up protection

                               定時限過電流保護  

                              definite time over-current protection

                               三段式電流保護  

                              the current protection with three stages

                               反時限過電流保護  

                              inverse time over-current protection

                               方向性電流保護  

                              the directional current protection

                               零序電流保護  

                              zero-sequence current protection

                               阻抗  

                              impedance

                               微機保護  

                              Microprocessor Protection

                             

                             

                             

                            變電站 transformer substation

                            永磁同步電機 Permanent-magnet Synchronism Motor

                            異步電機 Asynchronous Motor

                            三繞組變壓器 three-column transformer ThrClnTrans

                            雙繞組變壓器 double-column transformer DblClmnTrans

                            固定串聯電容補償 fixed series capacitor compensation

                            雙回同桿并架 double-circuit lines on the same tower

                            單機無窮大系統 one machine - infinity bus system

                             

                            勵磁電流 Magnetizing current

                            補償度 degree of compensation

                            電磁場:Electromagnetic fields

                            失去同步 loss of synchronization

                            裝機容量 installed capacity

                            無功補償 reactive power compensation

                            故障切除時間 fault clearing time

                            極限切除時間 critical clearing time

                            強行勵磁 reinforced excitation

                            并聯電容器 shunt capacitor<

                            下降特性 droop characteristics

                            線路補償器 LDC(line drop compensation)

                             

                             

                            電機學 Electrical Machinery

                            自動控制理論 Automatic Control Theory

                            電磁場 Electromagnetic Field

                            微機原理 Principle of Microcomputer

                            電工學 Electrotechnics

                            電路原理 Principle of circuits

                            電機學 Electrical Machinery

                             

                               主變壓器                                           

                                                                                            main transformer

                               升壓變壓器                                       

                                                                                            step-up transformer

                               降壓變壓器                                       

                                                                                            step-down transformer

                               工作變壓器                                       

                                                                                            operating transformer

                               備用變壓器                                       

                                                                                            standby transformer

                               公用變壓器                                       

                                                                                            common transformer

                               三相變壓器                                       

                                                                                            three-phase transformer

                               單相變壓器                                       

                                                                                            single-phase transformer

                               帶負荷調壓變壓器                           

                                                                                            on-load regulating transformer

                               變壓器鐵芯                                       

                                                                                            transformer core

                               變壓器線圈                                       

                                                                                            transformer coil

                               變壓器繞組                                       

                                                                                            transformer winding

                               變壓器油箱                                       

                                                                                            transformer oil tank

                               變壓器外殼                                       

                                                                                            transformer casing

                               變壓器風扇                                       

                                                                                            transformer fan

                               變壓器油枕                                       

                                                                                            transformer oil conservator( drum

                               變壓器額定電壓                               

                                                                                            transformer reted voltage

                               變壓器額定電流                               

                                                                                            transformer reted current

                               變壓器調壓范圍                               

                                                                                            transformer voltage regulation rage

                               配電設備                                           

                                                                                            power distribution equipment

                               SF6斷路器                                       

                                                                                            SF6 circuit breaker

                               開關                                                   

                                                                                            switch

                               按鈕                                                   

                                                                                            button

                               隔離開關                                           

                                                                                            isolator,disconnector

                               真空開關                                           

                                                                                            vacuum switch

                               刀閘開關                                           

                                                                                            knife-switch

                               接地刀閘                                           

                                                                                            earthing knife-switch

                               電氣設備                                           

                                                                                            electrical equipment

                               變流器                                               

                                                                                            current converter

                               電流互感器                                       

                                                                                            current transformer

                               電壓互感器                                       

                                                                                            voltage transformer

                               電源                                                   

                                                                                            power source

                               交流電源                                           

                                                                                            AC power source

                               直流電源                                           

                                                                                            DC power source

                               工作電源                                           

                                                                                            operating source

                               備用電源                                           

                                                                                            Standby source

                               強電                                                   

                                                                                            strong current

                               弱電                                                   

                                                                                            weak current

                               繼電器                                               

                                                                                            relay

                               信號繼電器                                       

                                                                                            signal relay

                               電流繼電器                                       

                                                                                            current relay

                               電壓繼電器                                       

                                                                                            voltage relay

                               跳閘繼電器                                       

                                                                                            tripping relay

                               合閘繼電器                                       

                                                                                            closing relay

                               中間繼電器                                       

                                                                                            intermediate relay

                               時間繼電器                                       

                                                                                            time relay

                               零序電壓繼電器                               

                                                                                            zero-sequence voltage relay

                               差動繼電器  

                              differential relay

                               閉鎖裝置                                           

                                                                                            locking device

                               遙控                                                   

                                                                                            telecontrol

                               遙信                                                   

                                                                                            telesignalisation

                               遙測                                                   

                                                                                            telemetering

                               遙調                                                   

                                                                                            teleregulation

                               斷路器                                               

                                                                                            breaker,circuit breaker

                               少油斷路器                                       

                                                                                            mini-oil breaker,oil-mini-mum breaker

                               高頻濾波器                                       

                                                                                            high-frequency filter

                               組合濾波器                                       

                                                                                            combined filter

                               常開觸點                                           

                                                                                            normally opened contaact

                               常閉觸點                                           

                                                                                            normally closed contaact

                               并聯電容                                           

                                                                                            parallel capacitance

                               保護接地                                           

                                                                                            protective earthing

                               熔斷器                                               

                                                                                            cutout,fusible cutout

                               電纜                                                   

                                                                                            cable

                               跳閘脈沖                                           

                                                                                            tripping pulse

                               合閘脈沖                                           

                                                                                            closing pulse

                               一次電壓                                           

                                                                                            primary voltage

                               二次電壓                                           

                                                                                            secondary voltage

                               并聯電容器                                       

                                                                                            parallel capacitor

                               無功補償器                                       

                                                                                            reactive power compensation device

                               消弧線圈                                           

                                                                                            arc-suppressing coil

                               母線                                                   

                                                                                            Bus,busbar

                               三角接法                                           

                                                                                            delta connection

                               星形接法                                           

                                                                                            Wye connection

                               原理圖                                               

                                                                                            schematic diagram

                               一次系統圖                                       

                                                                                            primary system diagram

                               二次系統圖                                       

                                                                                            secondary system diagram

                               兩相短路                                           

                                                                                            two-phase short circuit

                               三相短路                                           

                                                                                            three-phase short circuit

                               單相接地短路                                   

                                                                                            single-phase ground short circuit

                               短路電流計算                                   

                                                                                            calculation of short circuit current

                               自動重合閘                                       

                                                                                            automatic reclosing

                               高頻保護                                           

                                                                                            high-freqency protection

                               距離保護                                           

                                                                                            distance protection

                               橫差保護                                           

                                                                                            transverse differential protection

                               縱差保護                                           

                                                                                            longitudinal differential protection

                               線路保護                                           

                                                                                            line protection

                               過電壓保護                                       

                                                                                            over-voltage protection

                               母差保護                                           

                                                                                            bus differential protection

                               瓦斯保護                                           

                                                                                            Buchholtz protection

                               變壓器保護                                       

                                                                                            transformer protection

                               電動機保護                                       

                                                                                            motor protection

                               遠方控制                                           

                                                                                            remote control

                               用電量                                               

                                                                                            power consumption

                               載波                                                   

                                                                                            carrier

                               故障                                                   

                                                                                            fault

                               選擇性  

                              selectivity

                               速動性  

                              speed

                               靈敏性  

                              sensitivity

                               可靠性  

                              reliability

                               電磁型繼電器  

                              electromagnetic

                               無時限電流速斷保護  

                              instantaneously over-current protection

                               跳閘線圈  

                              trip coil

                               工作線圈  

                              operating coil

                               制動線圈  

                              retraint coil

                               主保護  

                              main protection

                               后備保護  

                              back-up protection

                               定時限過電流保護  

                              definite time over-current protection

                               三段式電流保護  

                              the current protection with three stages

                               反時限過電流保護  

                              inverse time over-current protection

                               方向性電流保護  

                              the directional current protection

                               零序電流保護  

                              zero-sequence current protection

                               阻抗  

                              impedance

                               微機保護  

                              Microprocessor Protection

                             

                              

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