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                             巖石名稱中英文對照

                            青島希尼爾翻譯咨詢有限公司(www.jdzzqp.icu)整理發布  2015-9-30

                            (詞匯與使用的環境有密切關系,僅供參考)

                            1. topsoil ['tɔpsɔil] 表層土和積土層
                            2.earth surface [ə:θ] ['sə:fis] 地表
                            3. loess ['ləuis] 黃土
                            4. drift sand [drift] [sænd] 流砂層
                            5. sand bed [sænd] [bed] 砂層
                            6. silt bed 粉砂層
                            7. clay 粘土;
                            8. clayey sand 粘土質砂;
                            9. kaoline ['keiəlin] 高嶺土
                            10. pebble ['pebl] 中礫; 礫石
                            11. igneous(火成的) gravel ['iɡniəs] ['ɡrævəl] 火成礫巖
                            12. surface interval ['sə:fis] ['intəvəl] 地表井段
                            13. gravel ['ɡrævəl] 礫; 礫石層; 砂礫
                            14. limestone gravel ['laim,stəun] ['ɡrævəl] 灰巖礫巖
                            15. limestone gravel bed 灰巖礫石層
                            16. siliceous gravel [si'liʃəs] ['ɡrævəl] 硅質礫巖
                            17. basaltic gravel ['bæsɔ:ltik] ['ɡrævəl] 玄武質礫巖
                            18. gravel bed 礫石層
                            19. breccia ['bretʃə] 角礫
                            20. sandy gravel ['sændi] ['ɡrævəl] 砂礫(砂質礫巖)
                            21. calcigravel 鈣礫
                            22. blocky limestone calcigravel 灰巖塊鈣礫
                            23. gypsum gravel ['dʒipsəm] ['ɡrævəl] 石膏礫
                            24. conglomerate sand 含礫砂層
                            25. sandy gravel bed 砂礫層
                            26. gravel-bearing siltstone 粉砂巖含礫
                            27. mud pebble [mʌd] ['pebl] 泥礫
                            28. silty gravel ['silti] ['ɡrævəl] 粉砂礫巖
                            29. clayey gravel 泥礫
                            30. pebbled sandy chalk 砂質白堊土含礫石
                            31. limy gravel bearing claystone 泥巖含灰礫
                            32. sand ginger 砂姜
                            33. coarse sand 粗砂
                            34. medium sand 中砂
                            35. friable sand 散砂
                            36. drifting sand 流沙
                            37. fine sand 細砂
                            38. silt 粉砂
                            39. argillaceous silt 泥質粉砂
                            40. clay sand 粘質砂土
                            41. clayey silt 粘土質粉砂
                            42. sandy clay 砂質粘土
                            43. silty clay 粉砂質粘土
                            44. plant accumulative formation 植物堆積層
                            45. humus layer 腐植土層
                            46. land accretion 填筑土
                            47. boulderstone 巨礫巖
                            48. chat 燧石礫巖
                            49. basaltic conglomerate 玄武質礫石
                            50. lava breccia 火山角礫巖
                            51. cobblestone 粗礫巖
                            52. pebblestone 中礫巖
                            53. conglomerate 礫巖
                            54. oil cut conglomerate 油浸礫巖
                            55. microconglomerate 細礫巖
                            56. small congl 小礫巖
                            57. gompholite 泥礫巖
                            58. andesitic breccia 安山質角礫巖
                            59. andesitic glutenite 安山質砂礫巖
                            60. feldspar breccia 長石角礫巖
                            61. limy conglomerate 灰質礫巖
                            62. lapillistone 火山礫巖
                            63. lime-runbble rock 灰質角礫巖
                            64. siliceous breccia 矽質角礫巖
                            65. ferruginous conglomerate 鐵質礫巖
                            66. silico-rudite 硅質礫巖
                            67. tuffaceous conglomerate 凝灰質礫巖
                            68. conglomeratic tuffaceous sandstone 凝灰質砂巖砂含礫
                            69. tuffaceous breccia 凝灰質角礫巖
                            70. tuffaceous glutenite 凝灰質砂礫巖
                            71. tuffaceous debris glutenite 凝灰質巖屑砂礫巖
                            72. glutenite 砂礫巖
                            73. basal conglomerate 底礫巖
                            74. dolomitic glutenite 白云質砂礫巖
                            75. igneous (火成的)gravel bearing glutenite砂礫巖(含火成巖礫)
                            76. basalt bearing glutenite 含玄武巖砂礫巖
                            77. sandy small conglomerate 砂質小礫巖
                            78. sandy inequigranular small-conglomerate 砂質不等粒小礫巖
                            79. argillaceous small-conglomerate 泥質小礫巖
                            80. clayey heterogranular small-conglomerate泥質不等粒小礫巖
                            81. psephitic sandstone 礫狀砂巖
                            82. gritsandstone 粗砂巖
                            83. medium sandstone 中砂巖
                            84. sandstone 砂巖
                            85. medium-grained sandstone 中粒砂巖
                            86. fine-medium sandstone 細、中砂巖
                            87. fine sandstone 細砂巖
                            88. silty fine sandstone 粉細砂巖
                            89. mud pebble sandstone 泥礫砂巖
                            90. silt-fine sandstone 粉-細砂巖
                            91. siltstone 粉砂巖
                            92. blastoaleuritic 變余粉砂巖
                            93. argilliferous siltstone 含泥粉砂巖
                            94. chalky siltstone 白堊土質粉砂巖
                            95. fine siltstone 細粉砂巖
                            96. inequigranular sandstone 不等粒砂巖
                            97. fine-medium-coarse sandstone 細、中、粗砂巖
                            98. finegranular gritstone 含細粒粗砂巖
                            99. clastizoic sandstone 含生物砂巖
                            100. gravel-bearing inequigranular sandstone 含礫不等粒砂巖
                            101. gravel-bearing calcareous gritstone 含鈣含礫粗砂巖
                            102. pebbled sandstone 含礫砂巖
                            103. gravel-bearing fine-coarse sandstone細-粗砂巖(含礫)
                            104. argillaceous inequigranular sandstone泥質不等粒砂巖
                            105. gravel-bearing argillaceous sandstone 含礫泥質砂巖
                            106. argilliferous sandstone 含泥砂巖
                            107. tuffaceous pebbled sandstone凝灰質含礫砂巖
                            108. calciferous sandstone 含鈣砂巖
                            109. chalky argillaceous sandstone 含白堊泥質砂巖
                            110. blaize 硬砂巖
                            111. glauconite sandstone 海綠石砂巖
                            112. quartz sandstone 石英砂巖
                            113. spiral-shell bearing sandstone 含螺砂巖
                            114. spiral-shell and gravel bearing sandstone含螺含礫砂巖
                            115. oolite bearing sandstone 含鮞砂巖
                            116. oolite bearing calcareous sandstone 含鮞鈣質砂巖
                            117. wacke 玄武質砂巖
                            118.kaoline sandstone高嶺土質砂巖
                            119. kaoline siltstone 高嶺土質粉砂巖
                            120. kaoline fine sandstone 高嶺土質細砂巖
                            121. gypsum sandstone 石膏質砂巖
                            122. bertholite 硅質砂巖
                            123. dolomitic sandstone 白云質砂巖
                            124. gravel-bearing dolomitic sandstone 白云質含礫砂巖
                            125. dolomitic fine sandstone 白云質細砂巖
                            126. dolomitic siltstone 白云質粉砂巖
                            127. chalky sandstone 白堊土質砂巖
                            128. igneous gravel bearing sandstone 含火成巖礫砂巖
                            129. limy siltstone 灰質粉砂巖
                            130. calciferous siltstone 含鈣粉砂巖
                            131. calciferous silty fine sandstone含鈣粉細砂巖
                            132. calciferous pebbled sandstone 含鈣含礫砂巖
                            133. calciferous argillaceous sandstone含鈣泥質砂巖
                            134. limy sandstone 灰質砂巖
                            135. inequigranular calciferous gritstone 不等粒含鈣粗砂巖
                            136. ostracode bearing calcareous sandstone含介形蟲之鈣質砂巖
                            137. calcareous sandstone鈣質砂巖
                            138. bioclast calcareous sandstone 生物碎屑鈣質砂巖
                            139. spiral-shell bearing limy sandstone含螺灰質砂巖
                            140. bituminous sandstone瀝青質砂巖
                            141. tuffaceous sandstone 凝灰質砂巖
                            142. gravel-bearing tuffaceous sandstone凝灰質砂巖(含礫)
                            143. ferrite sandstone鐵質砂巖
                            144. carbonaceous pyritic sandstone碳質黃鐵質砂巖
                            145. argillaceous sandstone泥質砂巖
                            146. argillaceous siltstone 泥質粉砂巖
                            147. phosphoric sandstone 含磷砂巖
                            148. breccia bearing sandstone含角礫砂巖
                            149. carbonaceous siltstone 碳質粉砂巖
                            150. carbonic sandstone 碳質砂巖
                            151. ferruginous siltstone 鐵質粉砂巖
                            152. ostracode sandstone 介形蟲砂巖
                            153. wormhole sandstone 蟲孔砂巖
                            154. shale 頁巖
                            155. oil shale 油頁巖
                            156. inferior shale劣質頁巖
                            157. ampelite 瀝青質頁巖
                            158. inferior oil shale 劣質油頁巖
                            159. calcareous oil shale 鈣質油頁巖
                            160. claystone 泥巖
                            161. argillutyte 粘土巖
                            162. kaoline argillutyte 高嶺土粘土巖
                            163. mud-making claystone 造漿泥巖
                            164. soft mudstone 軟泥巖
                            165. clayey brindle claystone 具泥質斑紋泥巖
                            166. ostracode claystone 介形蟲泥巖
                            167. sandy shale 砂質頁巖
                            168. sand shale 砂頁巖
                            169. gravel-bearing sandy claystone 砂質泥巖(含礫)
                            170. calciferous sandy claystone 砂質泥巖(含礫)
                            171. ostracode sandy claystone 含鈣砂質泥巖
                            172. arenaceous shale 砂質頁巖
                            173. silty claystone 粉砂質泥巖
                            174. silt-bearing claystone 含粉砂泥巖
                            175. gerollton
                            176. conglomeratic claystone 含礫泥巖
                            177. gravel-bearing claystone 泥巖中含礫石
                            178. gravel-bearing silty claystone 含礫粉砂質泥巖
                            179. calcareous claystone 鈣質泥巖
                            180. limy soft claystone 灰質軟泥巖
                            181. carbargilite 碳質泥巖
                            182. inferior carbargilite劣碳質泥巖
                            183.battie 碳質頁巖
                            184. dolomitic claystone 白云質泥巖
                            185. gypseous calystone 石膏質泥巖
                            186. gypsum calystone 膏泥巖
                            187. halopelite 鹽質泥巖
                            188. chalk-bearing claystone 含白堊質泥巖
                            189. sesame-caky claystone 芝麻并泥巖
                            190. glauberite claystone 鈣芒硝泥巖
                            191. bitum claystone 瀝青質泥巖
                            192. siliceous claystone 硅質泥巖
                            193. siliceous shale 硅質頁巖
                            194. limy shale 灰質頁巖
                            195. calcareous shale 鈣質頁巖
                            196. clayey gypsolyte 泥膏巖
                            197. gypsiferous claystone 含膏泥巖
                            198. tuffaceous claystone 凝灰質泥巖
                            199. tuffaceous vitreous claystone 凝灰玻璃質泥巖
                            200. bauxitic claystone 鋁土質泥巖
                            201. bauxitic shale 鋁土質頁巖
                            202. basaltic claystone 玄武質泥巖
                            203. interlaminated sand shale 砂泥巖薄互層
                            204. oolite bearing claystone 含鮞泥巖
                            205. limestone 石灰巖
                            206. oily limestone 灰巖含油
                            207. calclithite 碎屑灰巖
                            208. aphanitic limestone 隱晶質灰巖
                            209. oil-cut limestone 油浸灰巖
                            210. lime 灰巖
                            211. argillaceous limestone 泥質灰巖
                            212. granophyric limestone 花斑灰巖
                            213. silicious limestone 硅質灰巖
                            214. lamprophyric limestone 煌斑灰巖
                            215. tubulous limestone block 管狀灰巖塊
                            216. dolomitic limestone 白云質灰巖
                            217. wormhole limestone 蟲孔灰巖
                            218. dolomitic cavern limestone 白云質孔洞灰巖
                            219. oil-patch dolomitic limestone 油斑白云質灰巖
                            220. sandy dolomitic limestone 含砂白云質灰巖
                            221. dolomitic arenaceous limestone 白云質砂狀灰巖
                            222. bioclast bearing dolomitic limestone 含生物碎屑白云質灰巖
                            223. argilliferous dolomitic limestone 含泥白云質灰巖
                            224. dolomite bearing limestone 含白云石灰巖
                            225. dolomite 白云巖
                            226. oil-cut dolomite 油浸白云巖
                            227. argilliferous silicious dolomite含泥硅質白云巖
                            228. sandy silicious dolomite含砂硅質白云巖
                            229. gravel-bearing argillaceous dolomitic含礫泥質白云巖
                            230. spiral shell bearing dolomitic 含螺化石白云巖
                            231. limy dolomite 灰質白云巖
                            232. dolomitic leopard limestone 白云質豹皮灰巖
                            233. bioclast bearing limy dolomite 含生物碎屑灰質白云巖
                            234. lime bearing dolomitic 含灰白云巖
                            235. argilliferous limestone 含泥灰巖
                            236. marl 泥灰巖
                            237. limestone gravel and spiral shell bearing malm含灰巖礫石含螺泥灰巖
                            238. nodule malm 結核泥灰巖
                            239. spiral shell bearing malm 含介形蟲泥灰巖
                            240. bitumen malm 瀝青質泥灰巖
                            241. silty malm 粉砂質泥灰巖
                            242. argilliferous dolomite 含泥白云巖
                            243. argillaceous dolomite 泥質白云巖
                            244. shaly limestome頁狀灰巖
                            245. biolithite 生物灰巖
                            246. oil-cut biolithite 油浸生物灰巖
                            247. biologic sandy limestone 生物砂質灰巖
                            248. bioclastic bearing limestone(含)生物碎屑灰巖
                            249. sand bearing calclithite 含砂碎屑灰巖
                            250. argilliferous biolithite 含泥質生物灰巖
                            251. sand bearing biolithite 含砂生物灰巖
                            252. arenaceous biolithite 砂質生物灰巖
                            253. shelly limestone 介殼灰巖
                            254. spiral shell bearing limestone 含螺灰巖
                            255. spiral-shell limestone 螺灰巖
                            256. ostracode limestone 介形蟲灰巖
                            257. breccioid limestone 角礫狀灰巖
                            258. brecciola limestone 角礫石灰巖
                            259. laminated limestone 薄層狀灰巖
                            260. cavern limestone 溶洞灰巖
                            261. vuggy limestone 孔洞灰巖
                            262. cavernous limestone 孔狀灰巖
                            263.wormkalk 竹葉狀灰巖
                            264. edgewise dolomite 竹葉狀白云巖
                            265. pinhole limestone 針孔狀灰巖
                            266. pinhole dolomite 針孔狀白云巖
                            267. leopard limestone 豹皮灰巖
                            268. chert zebra limestone 燧石條帶灰巖
                            269. chert zebra dolomite 燧石條帶白云巖
                            270. chert nodule limestone 燧石結核灰巖
                            271. chert nodule dolomite 燧石結核白云巖
                            272. chert nodule siliceous dolomite 燧石結核硅質白云巖
                            273. siliceous limestone 硅質灰巖
                            274. siliceous dolomite 硅質白云巖
                            275. oolitic limestone 鮞狀灰巖
                            276. arenaceous oolitic limestone 砂質鮞狀灰巖
                            277. ooid-bearing limestone 含鮞灰巖
                            278. oolitic arenaceous limestone 鮞狀砂質灰巖
                            279. oolitic debris limestone 鮞屑灰巖
                            280. oolitic dolomite 鮞狀白云巖
                            281. pseudo-oolitic limestone 假鮞狀灰巖
                            282. dolomite breccia 角礫狀白云巖
                            283. sandy limestone 砂質灰巖
                            284. bioclast sandy limestone 生物碎屑砂質灰巖
                            285. arenaceous dolomite砂質白云巖
                            286. gypseous limestone 石膏質灰巖
                            287. gypseous dolomite 石膏質白云巖
                            288. anhydrite bearing dolomitie 含硬石膏質白云巖
                            289. argillaceous zebra limestone 泥質條帶灰巖
                            290. argillaceous zebra dolomite 泥質條帶白云巖
                            291. ampelitic limestone 碳質灰巖
                            292. crystalline limestone 結晶灰巖
                            293. limmer 瀝青質灰巖
                            294. knollenkalk 瘤狀灰巖
                            295. chalk bearing limestone 含白堊灰巖
                            296. algal limestone 藻灰巖
                            297. algal dolomite 藻云巖
                            298. silicalite 硅質巖
                            299. phosphorite 磷塊巖
                            300. bauxitite 鋁土巖
                            301. gravel-bearing bauxitite 含礫鋁土巖
                            302. manganese ore layer 錳礦層
                            303. pyrite layer 黃鐵礦層
                            304. pyrite crystal class 黃鐵礦晶族
                            305. iron-bed 鐵礦層
                            306. siderite layer 菱鐵礦層
                            307. hematite layer 赤鐵礦層
                            308. coal bed/interbeb 煤層及夾層
                            309. coal streak 煤線
                            310. brown coal 褐煤
                            311. charcoal 木碳
                            312. coal debris 煤碳碎屑
                            313. boron bed 硼層
                            314. barite 重晶石
                            315. gypsum layer石膏層
                            316. gypsum 石膏
                            317. halite 巖鹽
                            318. sylvite 鉀巖
                            319. magniferous halite 含鎂巖鹽
                            320. gypsiferous halite 含膏巖鹽
                            321. gypsous salt bed 膏鹽層
                            322. glauberite 鈣芒硝巖
                            323. mamanite 雜鹵石
                            324. chert bed 燧石層
                            325. chalk soil 白堊土
                            326. chalkstone 白堊層、白堊
                            327. limestone weathering crust chalk soil 灰巖風化殼白堊土
                            328. basal surface chalk soil 風化面白堊土
                            329. arenaceous chalk 砂質白堊
                            330. bentonite 膨潤土坩子土
                            331. fault clay 斷層泥
                            332. fault rubble 斷層角礫層
                            333. chert breccia 燧石角礫巖
                            334. ostracode bed 介形蟲層
                            335. ostracode biolith 介形蟲生物巖
                            336. tuff 凝灰巖
                            337. acidic irruptive rock 酸性侵入巖
                            338. ganite 花崗巖
                            339. neutral irruptive rock 中性侵入巖
                            340. basis irruptive rock 基性侵入巖
                            341. diorite 閃長巖
                            342. syenite 正長巖
                            343. gabbro 輝長巖
                            344. norite 蘇長巖
                            345. plagioclasite 斜長巖
                            346. pyroxenite 輝石巖
                            347. amphibolite 角閃巖
                            348. peridotite 橄欖巖
                            349. ophite 蛇紋巖
                            350. dioritic porphyry 閃長玢巖
                            351. lamprophyre 煌斑巖
                            352. minette 云煌巖
                            353. pegmatite 偉晶巖
                            354. volcanic rock 火山巖
                            355. felsite 霏細巖
                            356. igneous rock 火成巖
                            357. volcanoclastic rock 火山碎屑巖
                            358. volcaniclastic sandstone 火成巖風化成的砂巖
                            359. acidic effusive rock 酸性噴發巖
                            360. neutral effusive rock 中性噴發巖
                            361. basis effusive rock 基性噴發巖
                            362. rhyolite 流紋巖
                            363. rhyolite porphyry 流紋斑巖
                            364..dacite 英安巖
                            365. dacite porphyry 英安斑巖
                            366. trachite 粗面巖
                            367. andesite 安山巖
                            368. basalt 玄武巖
                            369. stomatic basalt 玄武巖(帶氣孔)
                            370. compacted basalt 玄武巖致密
                            371. basalt and claystone composite rock玄武巖與泥巖復合巖
                            372. basaltic debris 玄武巖礫巖
                            373. dolerite 輝綠巖
                            374. effusive gravel 噴發巖礫
                            375. decayed andesite 風化安山巖
                            376. metamorphite 變質巖
                            377. slate 板巖
                            378. phyllite 千枚巖
                            379. schist 片巖
                            380. quartzite 石英巖
                            381. marble 大理巖
                            382. granite gneiss花崗片麻巖
                            383. gneiss 片麻巖
                            384. chlorite slate 綠泥石板巖

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